UN Mobilizing Sustainable Transport for Development High-level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport, 2016

In 2014, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed an independent High-Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport to provide a focused set of recommendations on how the transport sector can advance sustainable development with poverty eradication at its core, promote economic growth, and bolster the fight against climate change. The outcome of this effort is Mobilizing Sustainable Transport for Development, the first ever Global Sustainable Transport Outlook Report, addressing all modes of transport, in developing and developed countries.
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?page=view&type=400&nr=2375&menu=35


組織間関係における知識共有と危機への対応 トヨタグループの震災対応の事例

「組織間関係における知識共有と危機への対応:トヨタグループの震災対応の事例」
東京大学ものづくり経営研究センター
岩尾 俊兵(東京大学大学院経済学研究科 博士課程)
加藤 木綿美(東京大学大学院経済学研究科 博士課程)
《要旨》
震災などの危機への対応は、持続的成長を目指す企業にとって欠かせないものである。こ
のとき、ある企業のサプライチェーン(を構成する供給業者群)の一部で発生した危機が、
サプライチェーン全体の機能不全に繋がるという事態も考えられうる。そのため、当該危
機への対応は組織間関係のマネジメントを必要とする。それでは、組織間関係全体で危機
に対応するには何が必要なのだろうか。本稿は上記の研究課題を設定し、危機対応に成功
しているとされる企業群の事例を研究した。その結果、通常時から組織間での知識共有が
行われ、非常時には通常時に組織間で蓄積された知識の活用が行われていることが明らか
になった。そして、このようなマネジメントは、通常時・非常時で組織運用の在り方を非
公式組織から公式組織へと変化させることで可能となっていたことが分かった。


Panalpina opens new Logistics Manufacturing Research Centre with Cardiff Business School

Panalpina and Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University, Wales (UK), have strengthened their partnership with the launch of a new Logistics Manufacturing Research Centre, which opened at the beginning of October 2016. The center will conduct leading research into the fields of distributed manufacturing, 3D printing, the circular economy and the impact of digital manufacturing on global supply chains. The new center has already secured its first research grant.

The new Panalpina Research Centre, partially funded by Panalpina, is located at Cardiff Business School. With Panalpina employees working alongside academic researchers, both partners will gain more insight into the evolving world of logistics and manufacturing.

Mike Wilson, global head of Logistics at Panalpina says: “Over the last four years of working with Cardiff Business School, we have been able to jointly identify future manufacturing and supply chain trends, and build our business in anticipation of this changing environment. Looking ahead, the insight provided by the research center will allow Panalpina to better design our customers’ manufacturing and supply chain strategies with new technologies and macro-economic forecasts in mind.”

Professor Aris Syntetos, the Panalpina Chair in Manufacturing and Logistics Research, Cardiff Business School, will head the new research center. He has recently secured a £500,000 research grant from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) ? the UK's main agency for funding research in engineering and the physical sciences. Syntetos was awarded the grant to support the center’s research into sustainable and circular remanufacturing networks. Ultimately, the grant will allow Cardiff Business School and Panalpina to conduct further research on the circular economy, where logistics and manufacturing services in the supply chain are increasingly combined.

Panalpina is an advocate of the circular economy, and believes that the future lies in better managing and extending product life cycles ? from sourcing to disposal. In an effort to drive innovation in the area, Panalpina and Cardiff Business School have worked together on a number of research projects. This includes the launch of their inventory forecasting application, ‘Demand-Driven Inventory Dispositioning’ (D2ID).

Earlier this year, Panalpina and Cardiff Business School started another two-year research project to examine the role 3D printing can play in distributed manufacturing models and global supply chains. The aim is to help Panalpina’s customers identify the right products that could be switched from traditional to new, additive manufacturing techniques such as 3D printing, and produced closer to the end-consumer market.

“The partnership with Panalpina and the various projects that are now combined under the roof of the research center allow our students to work on real-life industry problems, ensuring that our research remains not only relevant for companies, but that it is also translated into commercial solutions,” explains Syntetos. “Many of our students have been recruited by Panalpina to put their ideas into practice. With Cardiff graduates now working in locations such as Panama, Dubai and London, it is great to see our research having an impact across the world.”

About Cardiff Business School

Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University, is widely recognised as one of the leading business schools in the UK. In the latest UK Government Research Assessment Exercise, it was ranked fourth in the UK’s 96 business and management schools for the quality of its research, with 35% of its research projects classified as ‘world leading’. It has recently become the first business school in Wales, and the sixth Russell Group institution, to be awarded accreditation from the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB), a hallmark of business school excellence which is awarded to less than 5% of the world’s business schools. It is the largest single School of Cardiff University, itself a Russell Group organisation, and educates over 2,600 students from 60 countries each year.


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